Kidneys are extraordinary organs. They contain millions of little blood vessels that act as a very effective filter. When blood passes through these vessels, the salt, waste and excess of fluid are held inside the kidney, while protein and red blood cells are simply too big to be “captured” by the kidneys, so they stay in the now purified blood, which continues to circulate. All waste products then become part of urine and are eliminated from the system with it.
Sometimes, certain circumstances may cause the kidneys to malfunction. This is known as Kidney Disease. When this happens, waste accumulates in the blood and causes sickness.
There are several types of kidney disease, and their treatment varies according to their causes and the amount and type of kidney tissue involved. Also, kidney disease increases your risk of having heart and blood vessel disease.
Statistics Of Kidney Disease Patients
In India, kidney disease is the cause of 66.7% death; and is also a cause of severe reduction on the population’s life quality. In 2020, we estimate that about 7.63 million Indian adults died prematurely as a result of kidney disease, representing about 20% of all premature adult mortality.
Causes Of Kidney Diseases
Kidney disease may happen as a consequence of disorders like diabetes, high blood pressure and others. Some kidney diseases are genetically inherited and cannot be prevented.
Symptoms Of Kidney Diseases
Although they can substantially vary from individual to individual and from a specific disease to another, symptoms of kidney disease may include high blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), poor nutritional health, weak bones, ankle swelling and nerve damage.
Treatment Of Kidney Diseases
Treatment of kidney disease is specific to each disease. However, common treatments against unstoppable diseases consist on compensating the malfunction of the kidneys and supplement their function with an artificial kidney. This is known as dialysis. Kidney infection, when present, can be fought against with the help of antibiotics.
Prevention Of Kidney Diseases
As a general rule, keeping a balanced diet, drinking abundant liquid, reduced sodium ingestion (salt) and maintaining an overall healthy life may prevent most preventable kidney diseases. The best way to cure a kidney disease early is to regularly consult your kidney specialist in Delhi.