The following will help answer questions you may have about kidney transplants.
Q. What is a kidney transplant?
A kidney (renal) transplant is a procedure conducted by a transplant surgeon. In this procedure, a healthy kidney from a donor is transplanted into your body. Normally the non-working kidneys also remain in the body.
After kidney transplantation dialysis is not needed
Q. From whom a person can get a kidney for transplant?
A kidney can be donated or harvested by following these sources:
- Relative donors: Any member of your family can donate one of their kidneys if he or she is 18 years old. if your tissue and their tissue match. Family members who are related by birth are the most likely to have a matching tissue.
- Cadaver organs: A cadaver donor is a person who has recently died (usually accidentally.) These people have indicated that they would like to donate their organs when they die.
- Donors must be adults, aged 18 or older.
Q. What would be the effect of a kidney transplant on my lifestyle?
The transplanted kidney starts functioning as your normal kidneys. A functioning kidney will keep you healthier overall. Medications will be required on a strict schedule for your whole life. Patients may restart routine work in approximately 6 weeks after the surgery.
Q. Can I travel?
A patient who has got a newly transplanted kidney is free to travel as long as they observe treatment recommendations. Patients should always ensure that they have enough medication with them, and should always make sure to take their hospital’s phone number with them.
Q. Will I be able to keep working and/or go to school?
Once you have received a kidney transplant and have recovered completely from the surgery, you may return to work or school within approximately 6-8 weeks.
Q. My doctor said there are medications to take after the transplant. What do they do?
As a transplant patient, you will need to take immunosuppressive medications to stop your body from rejecting the transplanted kidney. These medications protect the kidney from attack by your own immune system. These oral medications must be taken daily for as long as you have the transplanted kidney.
To stay healthy, you should stay away from people who have contagious conditions such as colds, flu or chicken pox. When you leave the hospital after transplant, it is necessary that you take the correct dose of medicine, and that you visit your doctor on a regular basis. Your physician can regularly check your kidney tests and suggest you medicine as per your condition.
Q. What do I do to take good care of my kidney transplant?
To keep a transplanted kidney healthy, you need to take good care of it. Following treatment guidelines are the answer to maintaining healthy kidney. You will need to:
- Take your immunosuppressive medicine as directed by your doctor, for as long as you have the transplanted kidney
- Visit your doctor as scheduled
- Follow your physician’s guidelines
- Control your diet
- Keep physically active
- Watch for and report any problems
- When you have your transplanted kidney, you will continue to visit your doctor regularly.
- Clinic visits are more frequent for the first 3 months. Your doctor will check your kidney functionality and readjust your immunosuppressive medications.