You are more likely to develop kidney disease if you have:
- high blood pressure
- heart disease
- Family history of kidney failure
What can I do to keep my kidneys healthy?
You can protect your kidneys by avoiding or controlling health problems that cause kidney damage, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. The measures described below can help keep your body healthy, including your kidneys.
During your next medical visit, you may want to ask your doctor for kidney in Delhi about the health of your kidneys. Initial-stage kidney disease has no symptoms, so having a check-up may be the only way to know if your kidneys are healthy. Your doctor will help you decide how often the test should be done.
See the best kidney specialist in Delhi immediately if you develop a urinary tract infection (UTI), which causes damage to the kidneys if left untreated.
Choose healthy foods
Choose foods that are healthy for your heart and your entire body: fresh fruits, fresh or frozen vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat or non-fat dairy products. Eat healthy foods and reduce salt and added sugar. Take less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day. Try that less than 10 percent of your daily calories come from added sugars.
Choose healthy foods for your body.
Tips for choosing healthy foods
- Cook with a mixture of spices instead of salt.
- Choose as plant ingredients such as spinach, broccoli, and peppers on your pizza.
- Try baking or roasting meat, chicken, and fish instead of frying.
- Serve foods without sauces or added fats.
- Try to choose foods with little or no added sugar.
- Gradually decrease the consumption of full milk to 2 percent milk until you drink and cook with skim or semi-skim milk and dairy products.
- Eat foods made from whole grains such as whole wheat, brown rice, oatmeal, and whole-grain corn-daily. Use whole grain bread for toast and sandwiches, substitute brown rice for white rice for home-cooked meals and when eating out.
- Read food’s labels. Choose foods low in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, salt (sodium) and added sugars.
- Extend the snack time. Eating a bag of low-fat popcorn takes more time than eating a piece of cake. Peel and eat an orange instead of drinking orange juice.
- Try to keep a written record of what you eat for a week. It can help you see when you tend to overeat or eat foods rich in fat or calories.
Research has shown that the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary plan can help you lower your blood pressure. If you have diabetes, high blood pressure or heart disease, you may want to locate and work with a dietitian to create a meal plan that meets your needs.
Make physical activity part of your routine
Be active for 30 minutes or more most days. If you do not have activity now, ask your doctor about the type and amount of physical activity that is right for you. Add more activity to your life with these tips to help you stay active.
Aspire to have a healthy weight
Establish a healthier diet, control your weight and reduce the risk of chronic diseases, including a disease of the kidneys.
If you are overweight or obese, work with your doctor or dietitian to create a realistic weight loss plan. See more resources of physical activity and weight control that will help you stay motivated.
Get enough sleep
Aspire to sleep 7 to 8 hours each night. If you have trouble sleeping, take these steps to improve your sleep habits.
If you smoke or use other tobacco products, suspend it. Ask for help so you do not have to do it alone.
Limit alcohol intake
Drinking too much alcohol can increase your blood pressure and add extra calories, which lead to weight gain. If you drink alcohol, limit yourself to a daily drink if you are a woman and two drinks a day if you are a man. A drink is:
- 12 ounces of beer
- 5 ounces of wine
- 5 ounces of liquor
Explore activities to reduce stress
Learning how to manage stress, relax and face problems can improve physical and emotional health. Physical activity can help reduce stress, as well as practices that involve the mind and body, such as meditation, yoga or tai chi.
Control of diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease
If you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease, the best way to protect your kidneys from damage is:
Keep your blood glucose levels close to your goal. Checking your blood sugar level or blood sugar is an important way to control your diabetes. Your nephrologist in Delhi may want you to have your blood glucose measured one or more times a day.
Keep your blood pressure figures close to your goal. For most people with diabetes, the goal of blood pressure is less than 140/90 mmHg.
Take all your medicines as prescribed. Talk to your kidney specialist in Delhi about certain blood pressure medicines called ACEIs and ARA-IIs, which can protect your kidneys.
Be careful with the daily use of medicines without a prescription. Regular use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen, it can damage your kidneys.
To help prevent strokes and strokes, keep your cholesterol levels within the established range. There are two types of cholesterol in the blood: LDL and HDL. LDL or “bad” cholesterol can build up and clog your blood vessels, leading to heart attack or stroke. HDL or “good” cholesterol helps remove “bad” cholesterol from blood vessels. A cholesterol test can also measure another type of fat called triglycerides.
Ask your doctor
During your next medical consultation, ask your top nephrologist in Delhi the following key questions about the health of your kidneys. The sooner you know you have kidney disease, the sooner you can get treatment to help protect your kidneys.
Key questions for your doctor:
- What is my glomerular filtration rate (GFR)?
- What does my urine albumin result mean?
- What is my blood pressure?
- What is my blood glucose (for people with diabetes)?
- How often should I have my kidney evaluated?
Other important questions:
- What should I do to keep my kidneys healthy?
- Do I need to take different medicines?
- Should I be more physically active?
- What kind of physical activity can I do?
- What can I eat?
- Do I have a healthy weight?
- Do I need to speak with a dietitian to help me with the meal plan?
- Should I take IECA or ARA-II for my kidneys?
- What happens if I have kidney disease?