KIDNEY & PREVENTIONS
Our kidneys are a couple of vital organs that perform several functions to keep the blood clean and chemically balanced. Our kidneys are the organs responsible for eliminating waste from our body. The waste products come from the normal metabolism of the food we eat.
The kidneys are also responsible for eliminating the by-products of the medications we take, thus preventing them from accumulating in the blood. In addition to these functions, the kidneys also regulate the amount of salt that is excreted with urine – which is very important to prevent the accumulation of fluids in the body – and maintain the normal blood concentration of many minerals.
Finally, the kidneys also produce several important hormones for health, such as vitamin D and erythropoietin, which is the hormone that controls the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. If a disease alters these kidney functions, our bodies suffer many changes that can lead to death if we do not receive treatment from a nephrologist in Delhi.
Functions of the kidney
The kidney performs the following vital functions:
- It filters the blood and extracts toxic substances from the body. Through the urine, the harmful elements are eliminated, as well as the water and the mineral salts in excess.
- It maintains the internal balance in a constant way, which allows the correct functioning of all the cells of the body.
- Manufactures substances that act like hormones that stimulate the production of red blood cells, regulate blood pressure and mineralize the skeleton.
In patients with advanced chronic renal failure, it is essential to establish a substitute treatment to recover the function of the kidney. In general, the first step is dialysis, but when the general condition of the patient is good and the advantages of the treatment surpass the risks involved in any surgical operation, it is indicated to practice a kidney transplant in Delhi.
For these people, the transplant supposes, on the one hand, an important improvement in the quality of life and autonomy, since they stop depending on the dialysis machine, and on the other, an increase in survival because they avoid many of the complications that appear with long-term dialysis.
Diseases that produce chronic kidney failure
Currently, hypertension and diabetes are the two most frequent causes of chronic renal failure that require substitution treatment, but there are also other health problems that affect the functioning of the kidney, such as immunological diseases, alterations of the arteries of the kidney, infections, abuse of analgesics, obstruction of the urinary tract or hereditary processes.
Although chronic renal failure can be treated with dialysis or with a transplant, it is best not to reach this situation. There are a series of prevention measures that can help prevent, or at least delay, the onset of the disease:
- Control the causes of chronic renal failure (hypertension, diabetes, etc.).
- Detect and treat infections that directly affect the urinary tract and all those that may secondarily affect the kidneys.
- Perform strict medical monitoring in the case of suffering from frequent gout or colic (stones in the kidney).
- Do not abuse analgesics and anti-inflammatories.
- Avoid situations of risk that can lead to viral infections such as hepatitis and AIDS: hygienic measures (use single-use syringes) in the administration of injected substances, protection in risky sexual relations (use the condom), etc.
- Adopt a healthy lifestyle, with the practice of regular exercise and a balanced diet.